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Cm Girls Wallpaper Biography
Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950[1]) is the current chief minister of the Indian state of Gujarat. Born in a middle-class family in Vadnagar, he was the third of six children born to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and his wife Heeraben.[2] He has been a member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) since childhood, having an interest in politics since adolescence. He holds a master's degree in political science. In 1998, he was chosen by L. K. Advani, the leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), to direct the election campaign in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh.
He became the chief minister of Gujarat in October 2001, promoted to the office at a time when his predecessor Keshubhai Patel had resigned, following the defeat of BJP in the by-elections. His tenure as chief minister began on 7 October 2001.[3] In July 2007, he became the longest serving Chief Minister in Gujarat's history when he had been in power for 2063 days continuously.[4] He was elected again for a third term[5] on 23 December 2007 in the state elections, which he had cast as a "referendum on his rule".[6][7]
Contents  [hide]
1 Personal life
2 Early activism and politics
3 Tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat
3.1 Personality
3.2 Awards and recognitions
3.3 Development of Gujarat
3.4 CM's Ten Point Program
3.5 Vibrant Gujarat
3.6 Gujarat earthquake
3.7 Gujarat violence
3.8 2007 elections
3.9 Conflicts with Governor Kamla Beniwal
3.10 Foreign visits
3.11 Sadbhavna Mission
4 Views and opinions
4.1 Modi's position on terrorism
4.2 Views on criticism of Modi's governance
5 References
6 External links
[edit]Personal life

Modi was born in a middle-class family in Vadnagar in Mehsana district of what was then Bombay State, India.[8] Modi is a vegetarian.[9] During the Indo-Pak war in the mid sixties, even as a young boy, he volunteered to serve the soldiers in transit at railway stations.[10] As a young man, he joined the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, a student organisation and was involved in the anti-corruption Nav Nirmāṇ ("Reconstruction") Movement. After working as a full time organiser for the organisation, he was later nominated as its representative in the Bharatiya Janata Party.[11] As a teenager Modi used to run a tea stall with his brother.[12] Modi completed his schooling in Vadnagar. He earned a masters degree in political science from Gujarat University.[13]
[edit]Early activism and politics

Modi was a pracharak (campaigner) in the RSS during his university years.[13][14] He took up the challenging task of energising the party cadres in right earnest. In partnership with Shankersinh Vaghela, Modi set about creating a strong cadre base in Gujarat. In the initial period, Vaghela was seen as a mass leader, while Modi was recognised as a master strategist.
The party started gaining political mileage and formed a coalition government at the centre in April 1990. This partnership fell apart within a few months, but the BJP came to power with a two-thirds majority on its own in Gujarat in 1995. During this period, Modi was entrusted with the responsibility of organising two crucial national events, the Somnath to Ayodhya Rath Yatra (a political rally through India on a converted Toyota van) of L.K. Advani and a similar march from Kanyakumari (the southernmost part of India) to Kashmir in the North. After the exit of Shankarsingh Vaghela from the BJP, Keshubhai Patel was made Chief Minister while Narendra Modi was sent to New Delhi as a General Secretary of the Party.
In 1995, Modi was appointed the National Secretary of the party and given the charge of five major states in India. In 1998, he was promoted as the General Secretary (Organization), a post he held until October 2001. In 2001, Narendra Modi was chosen by the party to be the Chief Minister of Gujarat after the removal of chief minister Keshubhai Patel.
[edit]Tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat

[edit]Personality
Modi is known for leading a frugal lifestyle. He has a personal staff of just three. He is known to be a workaholic Chief Minister and an introvert.[15] He ordered the demolition of many Hindu temples that were built without proper government sanction which earned him the ire of VHP[12] He is a crowd puller as a speaker. He has been trying to project himself as a political heir of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He does this by comparing Sardar Patel to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.Modi sometimes wears business suits and is improving his command over the English language.[16]
[edit]Awards and recognitions
Modi was awarded Gujarat Ratna by Shri Poona Gujarati Bandhu Samaj at Ganesh Kala Krida Manch on celebration of centenary year.[17]
[edit]Development of Gujarat
As a Chief Minister, Modi started various 'yojanas' or plans. This includes:
Panchamrut Yojana,[18][19][20] a five-pronged strategy for an integrated development of the state,
Sujalam Sufalam, a scheme to create a grid of water resources in Gujarat in an innovative step towards water conservation and its appropriate utilisation.
Krishi Mahotsav – agricultural research labs for the land
Chiranjeevi Yojana – To reduce infant mortality rate
Matru Vandana – Providing preventive and curative services under the Reproductive and Child Health Programme
Beti Bachao – Campaign against female infanticide to improve sex ratio
Jyotigram Yojana – Provide electricity to every village
Karmayogi Abhiyan – To educate and train government employees
Kanya Kelavani Yojana – To encourage female literacy and education
Balbhog Yojana – Midday meal scheme for students to encourage school attendance from poor backgrounds.[21]

[edit]CM's Ten Point Program
1. Employment Opportunities for 5 Lakh Families
Creation of more employment through productivity enhancement in agricultural sector.
Increase in animal husbandry and dairy-based activities.
Quality skill training for tribal youth Development of modern, scientific and technical facilities and linking the tribal youth to them for increased livelihood opportunities.
Preference to women-headed households.
2. Quality of Education and Higher Education.
Higher secondary schools for science in each taluka.
Provision for enrolling 1000 students in nationally recognized residential schools and creating a talent pool for tribals.
Navodaya or Eklavya type residential school in each tribal taluka and making them comparable with quality urban schools.
Establishment of 100 additional hostels for college students.
Establishment of Arts, Science and Commerce colleges to cover remote and left out talukas.
Establishment of excellent academic units including engineering and medical colleges, polytechnics, nursing colleges and ITI colleges.
3. Economic Development
Annual allocation of Rs. 1 crore per taluka for development of identified economic activities through a cluster-based approach and market linkages.
Linking remote tribal areas to nearby economic centres through development of basic infrastructure and facilities such as roads, water supply, irrigation and continuous power supply in all tribal areas.
Value addition to local natural resources for higher returns to tribal families.
4. Health
Benefits of Chiranjeevi Yojana to all ST families.
Annual health check-up programmes for all ST families.
Financial assistance to BPL families in case of heart surgery.
Special drive for tackling endemic diseases such as sickle cell anaemia, leptospirosis, etc.
5. Housing
Housing for all ST families within the next five years.
6. Safe Drinking Water
All ST families to get safe, assured and adequate drinking water within the next five years.
At least 25% of the ST population to get access to piped water supply.
7. Irrigation
Emphasis on group irrigation schemes.
Creation of water conservation structures on watershed basis.
Creation of more checkdams in tribal areas.
Subsidy to BPL families for individual facilities such as oil engines, etc.
Financial and technical assistance for promoting drip irrigation.
8. Universal Electrification
Electrification to all hitherto uncovered hamlets.
Alternative arrangements through solar energy for remote and dispersed hamlets.
Free electrification to all BPL families.
9. All-Weather Road Connectivity
All hamlets with population of less than 250 to be connected by roads.
Special drive for repairing existing roads in tribal areas.
10. Urban Development
Development of 13 tribal towns to act as growth engines.
All tribal talukas to get broadband connectivity within next five years.
[22]
[edit]Vibrant Gujarat
Main article: Vibrant Gujarat
Vibrant Gujarat is a biennial Global Investors' Summit held by the Government of Gujarat in Gujarat, India. The event is aimed at bringing together business leaders, investors, corporations, thought leaders, policy and opinion makers; the summit is advertised as a platform to understand and explore business opportunities in the State of Gujarat. the event has been held continuously since 2003.
[edit]Gujarat earthquake
Main article: 2001 Gujarat Earthquake
The biggest challenge which he had to face when he took over as the Chief Minister, was the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the areas affected by the massive Gujarat Earthquake of January 2001.
[edit]Gujarat violence
Main article: 2002 Gujarat violence
On 27 February 2002, a train was burned by a Muslim mob in the town of Godhra leading to 59 deaths, most of them Hindu pilgrims and activists returning from the holy city of Ayodhya.[23] Riots broke out in the state after it was suspected to be caused by Muslims, leading to 1180 deaths, most of them Muslims. Modi administration was accused of inaction over the riots and for encouraging them.[16] As an aftermath of the riots, there were calls for Modi to resign from his position as chief minister of Gujarat. The opposition parties stalled the national parliament over the issue. Even Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and Telugu Desam Party (TDP), allies of the BJP, asked for Modi's resignation.[24][25] Modi submitted his resignation to the Governor and recommended the dissolution of the 10th Gujarat Legislative Assembly.[26][27] In the following state re-elections the BJP, led by Modi, won 127 seats in the 182-member assembly.
In April 2009, the Supreme Court of India appointed a special team of investigators to look into the role Modi had played in the alleged anti-Muslim conspiracy.[16] The team was appointed in response to the complaint of Zakia Jafri, the widow of ex-Congress MP Ehsan Jafri, who was murdered in the riots.[28] In December 2010, a Supreme Court-appointed Special Investigation Team (SIT) in its report to the Supreme Court seeking answers pertaining to the Ehsan Jafri case, submitted that they had found no evidence against Narendra Modi.[29]
However in February 2011, the Times of India reported that a confidential report from the SIT indicted Modi on several counts of alleged complicity in the Gujarat riots of 2002.[30] Most other sources have noted that the SIT report does not indict Modi for the riots due to lack of evidence.[31][32] The Indian Express too said the report did not find any Modi involvement in the violence, though it did accuse him of watering down the seriousness of the situation.[33] According to the Hindu, the report not only found that Modi tried to water down the seriousness of the situation, but Modi also implicitly justified the killings of Muslims, and failed to condemn the attacks on them.[34] The Bharatiya Janata Party demanded an investigation into the publication of the report, claiming the leak was politically motivated.[35]
The apex court refused to pass any order on the case and referred it to the Ahmedabad magistrate for a decision.[36] In April 2012, a Special Investigation Team found absolved Modi of any involvement in the Gulberg massacre, arguably the worst episode of the riots.[37] On 7 May 2012, a Supreme Court-appointed amicus curiae, Raju Ramachandran observed that Modi can be prosecuted under sections 153 A (1) (a) & (b), 153 B (1), 166 and 505 (2) of the Indian Penal Code for promoting enmity among different groups during the 2002 Gujarat riots.[38] However the amicus report has been criticised by the Special Investigation Team for relying heavily on the testimony of a perjurer.[39] In an interview on 26 July 2012 to Shahid Siddiqui, editor of an Urdu Weekly, Nai Duniya and an MP of Samajwadi Party told that if he is found guilty of collusion in the 2002 riots, should be hanged, other-wise insinuations against him should cease. [40]
[edit]2007 elections
Modi made a speech at Mangrol in which he justified the alleged fake encounter of Sohrabuddin Sheikh, during the election campaign in response to Sonia Gandhi's speech calling him a "merchant of death",[41] and referred to Sohrabuddin's killing. For this speech the Election Commission of India, a constitutional body governing election proceedings in India, cautioned Modi as it considered it as indulging in an activity which may aggravate existing differences between different communities.[42] Modi won the election and continued his post as the Chief Minister Of Gujarat, he won with majority of votes of 122 seats out of 182 total assembly seats.[43]
[edit]Conflicts with Governor Kamla Beniwal
On 25 August 2011 Gujarat Governor Kamla Beniwal appointed Justice R A Mehta to the post of Lokyukta of Gujarat, a critical anti-corruption post that had been lying vacant since 2003. Justice R A Mehta was recommended for the post by the Chief Justice of the Gujarat High Court in June. Since Governor Beniwal had made this decision without consulting and getting the approval of the chief minister and his council of ministers, the action angered Narendra Modi and BJP.[44]
This marked the beginning of a strained relationship between Modi and the Governor. On 25 September 2011, Narendra Modi accused the Governor of running a parallel government in the state supported by the Congress. He demanded that she be recalled back.[45] He also later accused her of delaying the progress of bills by not passing them.
The decision of the governor in the appointment of R A Mehta was challenged in the high court by the Modi government. The two member high court bench gave a split verdict on 10 October 2011. Later, a third member upheld the governor's decision in January 2012.[46]
[edit]Foreign visits
As the Chief Minister of the Gujarat State, to attract foreign investment in the state, Narendra Modi has made visits to foreign countries, including China and Singapore.
Narendra Modi made his first China visit in 2007 to invite investors Vibrant Gujarat Global Investor Summit,[47] and second visit in November 2011. One month after the second visit to China, the Chinese Government released 13 Diamond traders from India jailed by the Shenzhen Customs, which the Chief Minister described as the consequence of his diplomatic efforts and statesmanship.[48]
In 2005 Narendra Modi was denied diplomatic visa to the United States, in addition to this visa denial, his already granted B-1/B-2 visa was also revoked, under a section of the Immigration and Nationality Act which makes any foreign government official who was responsible or "directly carried out, at any time, particularly severe violations of religious freedom" ineligible for the visa.[49]
[edit]Sadbhavna Mission
In the late 2011-early 2012 Narandra Modi practised a series of fasts in the name of Sadbhavna Mission. The mission started on 17 September 2011 in Ahmedabad with 3 day fast with a view to strengthen the atmosphere of peace, unity and harmony in the state. He observed total 36 fasts in 26 districts, 8 cities including Ahmedabad.[50]
[edit]Views and opinions

[edit]Modi's position on terrorism
On 18 July 2006 Modi delivered a speech criticising Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh "for his reluctance to revive anti-terror legislations" like the Prevention of Terrorism Act. He asked the Centre to empower states to invoke tougher laws in the wake of the blasts in Mumbai.[51] Quoting Modi:
Terrorism is worse than a war. A terrorist has no rules. A terrorist decides when, how, where and whom to kill. India has lost more people in terror attacks than in its wars.[51]
Narendra Modi has frequently commented that if the BJP came to power at the Centre, they will honour the 2004 Supreme Court judgement to hang Afzal Guru.[52] Afzal was convicted of terrorism in the 2001 Indian Parliament attack in 2004 by the Supreme Court of India and is in Tihar Jail.[53]
On account of the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, on Thursday 27 November, Narendra Modi held a meeting to discuss waterfront security along the coastline.[54] The meeting decided to ask the Central government to urgently sanction the following:
Increase the number of police stations along the coast to 50 (from 10).
Increase the number of police to 1500 from 250.
30 modern high-speed surveillance boats.
The 30 coastal boats, under construction at Goa's shipbuilding yard, will have the capacity to run at the speed of 25 nautical miles per hour. These are being manufactured under the Centre's Rs 58-crore grant for coastal security.[54]
[edit]Views on criticism of Modi's governance
In 2003, when Narendra Modi was asked about the conflict of his dreams for Gujarat's future with international criticism of his past activities, Modi said,[55]
Yet, no one has asked this question to the USA after 9/11. Delhi is developing fast – no one has asked this question to Delhi after 1984. If it does not matter to Delhi and USA, why should it matter to Gujarat?
Modi's decision to link Gujarat's violence with the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the US drew criticism from some observers, who contrasted it with the then Deputy Prime Minister L K Advani's unpleasant apology for Gujarat in London a year ago.[55] Modi responded to this criticism by The Guardian,[55]
I have not read and I would not like to read. But thank you people for spending time on me.
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